Dry, itchy, red and irritated skin- these are some of the words commonly used to describe someone with skin condition, eczema. Sometimes the skin can also develop small small, fluid-filled bumps that become moist and ooze puss. The exact cause of eczema is unclear, although it’s often liked to a combination of factors such as genes, environmental allergens and irritants, and an individual immune system.
The word eczema is derived from a Greek word which means “to boil over” -which aptly describes just how bad the situation can get. It is common in babies and young children, and it usually appears as dry patches as dry patches on their chin. However, it can also appear anywhere on the skin surface with varrying symptoms depending on the specific type and severity of the problem. In most cases, childhood eczema resolves itself as a child griws older, although for some people the flare-ups continue into adulthood. Adults who didn’t have eczema in childhood can also develope it. Eczema flare ups can range from mild, moderate, to severe.
Although it’s managable, living with eczema can be an ongoing challenge. Many eczema sufferers, or parent of children with eczema, often complain that soon after they find a solution which seems to work it stops working and they have to go back to the drawing board. However with a positive attitude and willingness to keep trying, you can have fewer and less severe flare-ups…or even eliminate the problem altogether!
HERE ARE A FEW STRATEGIES THAT MIGHT HELP:
The way you bathe is important when you havw eczema. To avoid drying and irritating your skin, take short warm-not steaming hot baths or showers. Instead of soap, opt for a gentle cleanser and avoid scrubbing your skin with washcloth, brush or loofah. A daily bath or shower of no more than 15 minutes is recommended. Bathe babies with eczema less frequently and instead oat your skin dry with a clean, dry towel. For extra protection snd healing, add a little bleach or vinegar to your bath water.
Moisturise your skin
Keeping your skin sufficiently hydrated and supple is the number one key to coping eczema. Within three minutes of your bath, apply a moisturiser to seal in the hydration. Go for creams and ointments instead of lotions. Petroleum jelly also has great results for some people. Moisturise 2 to 3 times a day, including after baths and after washing your hands. Some highly recommended moisturises include; Vaseline Intensive Care Advanced Repair Unscented Lotion, Cerve Moisturising Cream, Avene XeraCalm A.D Lipid-Replenishing Cream, Dermol Emollient Cream, Physiogel Hypoallernic Body lotion, and Cetaphil Daily Hydrating among others.
Eczema can be quite ichy and the tempetation to scratch can become overwhelming. But dermatologists say that scratching or rubbing will only make the problem worse. When you scratch, you can break your skin and leave it open to infections. To handle itching, apply a cool moisturiser or gel to soothe, wearing a pair of soft gloves can help.
Most eczema suffers can tell some of the environmental or dietary allergens which trigger their flare-ups. Although doctors insist that eczema isn’t an allergy, your symptoms can get worse if you have allergies and you’re exposed to your specific allergens. Some of the most common culprits include eggs, dairy products, wheat, acidic foods (such as tomatoes), dust, mold, pet dander and pollen. To have a clearer understanding of what to avoid, consider having a comprehensive allergy testing.
Prescription and over-the-counter ointments
If you go to a dermatologist, they’ll probably prescribe some corticosteroid ointments- these usually contains steroids and barriers which help protect your skin. One of the best creams for eczema is Eucrisa, which can be used for mild and moderate flare-ups. Other creams include Epimax, Xtradern, Sudocream, Calamine, Oilatum, and Elocom. Taking antihistamine pills can also help. For sever cases, doctors might also prescribe antibiotics o combat any infections.
Home remedies can be a quick, easy and affordable solution to eczema. Aloe vera gel uis particularly effective in soothing and treating eczema flare ups. You can use store-bought gel ir directly from the plant. Other solutiond include Coconut oil, apple cider vinegar, shea butter, honey, tea tree oil, bleach in bath water and oatmeal bath.
Sunburn can make your eczema worse. Hot temperature are also likelt to acerbate eczema flares. To avoid that, apply a broad-spectrum SPF 30+ sunscreen on your face and any exposed skin, especially if it’s expected by eczema. To avoid irritation, use sunscreen lotions formulated for the face on your entire body.
Stress can make eczema flare-up worse. It’s therefore important to try as much as possible to avoid and relieve stress. Stress-relieving strategies such as exercise, meditation, journaling, sleeping, getting involved in relaxing hobbies, or merely taking a break every now and then can lead to fewer and less severe fare-ups.