Preenting and combating trafficking in human beings, and identifying and protecting victims, presents numerous challanges including:
1. Victims lack of awareness of where to turn and protective measures available.
2. Victims fear and mistrust of public authorities, which prevent them from reaching out and seeking help.
3. Authorities difficulty in distinguishing between smuggled migrants and their journey ends in another country, while the latter either never consested was rendered meaning less by false promises and information.
4. Prosection challenges-for instance, difficulty in gathering evidence and securing effective international cooperation.